Tuesday, August 30, 2016

Afreen Siddiqi - Linkages between Food, Energy, and Water

Dr. Afreen Siddiqi has joint positions as a Research Scientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and a Visiting Scholar with the Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program at Harvard Kennedy School. Her research expertise is at the intersection of engineering, policy, and international development.

Dr. Afreen Siddiqi was one of the keynote speakers for last year's 2015 International WaTER Conference.

Afreen has a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering, M.S. in Aeronautics and Astronautics, and a Ph.D. in Aerospace Systems, all from MIT. She combines quantitative tools and qualitative methods for complex socio-technical systems analysis.  Some of her current research is on the emerging critical linkages between water, energy, and food security at urban, provincial, and national scales in developing countries.  

Water, already necessary to sustain life, is also needed for growing food and producing energy.

Dr. Siddiqi has worked in an engineering capacity with oil and gas, instrumentation, and aerospace sectors, and currently serves in advisory roles in several international academic and research institutions.
In many countries, water shortages affect quality of life for both children and animals.
We are pleased to welcome Afreen Siddiqi as one of the jurors to select the winner of the 2017 OU International Water Prize.  As part of the WaTER Center Symposium on September 22, Dr. Siddiqi will also be part of a panel discussion on "Critical Water Issues in Today's World". 

Ned Breslin - WaSH Activist and Entrepreneur

Edward D. (Ned) Breslin has worked as an entrepreneur in the international WaSH sector for close to 30 years.  Joining Water For People as Director of International Programs in 2006, Ned served as its Chief Executive officer during the last nine years.  In 2011, Breslin received the Skoll Award for Social Entrepreneurship for his commitment and proven work with Water For People.
Ned Breslin speaks passionately and honestly about issues of sustainability in WaSH sector.

Ned discovered the challenges of water and sanitation in 1987 while living in the Chalbi Desert of northern Kenya, through a program offered by St. Lawrence University.  Before joining Water for People, he worked for a range of local and international Wash NGOs in South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique, including a position as Country Representative for WaterAid, Mozambique.
Women carry baskets of laundry along Indian Ocean shoreline, Mozambique.

Inspired by family and a passion to serve, Ned has promoted innovative and culturally sensitive water and sanitation programs. He firmly believes that responsible intervention efforts demand greater focus on understanding and accountability of project outcomes so that the lives of everyone affected are transformed positively and permanently, with sustainability and independence as the primary goals.

Broken water pump sits idle in Tanzania.

We are pleased to welcome Ned Breslin as one of the jurors to select the winner of the 2017 OU International Water Prize.  As part of the WaTER Center Symposium on September 22, Ned will also be part of a panel discussion on "Critical Water Issues in Today's World". 

Friday, August 5, 2016

Summer Travels Prove Productive for WaTER Center and Collaboratives

Dr. David Sabatini and Philip Deal, a PhD student in the CEES program, traveled to Ghana in the month of July. The purpose of the trip, supported by the Norman Rotary, was to evaluate ongoing research, meet with local partners, and act as OU delegates for the annual WEDC Conference.

Access Development managers P. Aratuo and W. Mpeniasah with Sabatini and Deal

The University of Oklahoma has partnered with the Water4 Foundation to research a new company in Wassa East District, Western Region. The Ghanaian company is called Access Development Ltd. It aims to provide a full water delivery service to rural communities in Ghana. They will manufacture drilling equipment and train professional drilling teams. These teams will dig and maintain boreholes so that contracted villages will have clean water available on a consistent basis. By following a for-profit model, they will charge a miniscule tariff for these services upfront at each water point in order to recover the costs for service and prevent the breakdown of the Access Development infrastructure. Dr. Sabatini and Mr. Deal met with the leaders of this company and discussed Phase 1 of project implementation. Phase 1, which included preliminary planning, mobilization, and baseline studies, was recently completed. Phases 2 and 3, which include training and the start of drilling, will proceed this fall.

Access Development office building in Daboase, Western Region

Wassa East District community mapping

Following the visit to the local office building in western Ghana, Dr. Sabatini and Mr. Deal headed to Kumasi to attend the 39th WEDC International Conference. Over 400 participants from over 40 countries participated. The University of Oklahoma presented a poster over the upcoming research. In addition, other cost recovery methods were compared and discussed, such as borehole banking, WASH insurance, and cost recovery for operation and maintenance expenses. The present positive outlook of service delivery models was apparent in the conference presentations.

OU Poster at the 39th WEDC International Conference
Safe Water Network water station using a service delivery model
The final portion of the trip through Ghana ended in the northern region in a city named Tamale. Access Development Ltd. has its regional operating center, or ROC, built in a World Vision compound at this location. The ROC acts as both a supply chain manager and producer. Skilled technicians are working on a surplus of pumps, casing, and drilling equipment in preparation for the upcoming work contracts, as well as providing a manual drilling center for surrounding countries. 

Regional Operating Center in Tamale, Ghana
Storage of manual drilling equipment

The University of Oklahoma will be evaluating Access Development Ltd. from technological, financial, and behavioral perspectives through 2019. Over the next few years, metrics such as well performance, maintenance periods, operational costs, water purchasing rates, and how the socioeconomic framework affects the company’s success will be tracked to evaluate the sustainability of the project. The WaTER Center will determine if this is the next step in public-private partnerships in emerging regions.